Carinthia is the southermost Austrian state and with its 9533 Km2 surface is the fifth widest Land. Carinthia borders the states of Salzburg, Styria and East Tyrol. Moreover, it shares a 170 Km border with Slovenia and a 109 Km border with Italy. Dreiländereck near Arnoldstein marks the meeting point of the three different culture.
The language spoken by the most part of the 560.000 Carinthian people is German. In the everyday life people speak above all the Carinthian dialect, a sort of Southern Bavarian dialect. The last census has pointed out that 2.4% of Carinthian people considers Slovenian as their current language. The settling area of the Slovenian ethnic group is located in the South of Carinthia.
From a political point of view, Carinthia is divided into eight districts (Klagenfurt-Land, Villach-Land, Spittal/Drau, Hermagor, Feldkirchen, St. Veit/Glan, Wolfsberg, Völkermarkt) and into132 municipalities. Klagenfurt, the chief town, and Villach are statutory cities.
More than three quarter of all Carinthian people belong to Catholic Church. The second largest religious community with about 10% of believers is the Evangelical Church. About the 2% of Carinthian people belongs to Islamic religious community and the 8% has no religious beliefs.
The Klagenfurt basin and the valleys of Carinthia are framed by mountains. The most important mountain ranges are the High Tauern and the Gurktal Alps in the North, the Carnic and Karawanke Alps in the South and the Saualpe and Koralpe in the East Even the Großglockner with its 3.798 metre height, the highest mountain of Austria, is situated in Carinthia.
Carinthia is the country of water, it is provided with at least 1270 water basin, 200 of which are warm lakes suitable for swimming, most of them with drinking water. The widest and most famous lake of Carinthia is the Wörthersee, other lakes are Millstätter See, Ossiacher See and Weißensee.
The Land has 8.000 kilometres of rivers, 60 sources of curative waters, 43 glaciers as precious fresh water tank and source drinking water from almost all the pipelines. The main river of Carinthia is Drava, it has its source in the South Tyrol and flows into the Black Sea. Its main tributaries in Carinthia are the Möll, the Lieser, the Gail, the Gurk and the Lavant rivers.
Carinthia is provided with a well wide road network including three motorways: the southern motorway (A2), the Tauern motorway (A10) and the Karawanken motorway (A11). The main railway lines are the Südbahn and the Tauernbahn. Villach is one of the most important road junction.